Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat

Name Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Forest Ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 69,077.72
Location Compartments 13~24 & 28~44 of Guanshan Working Circle for National Forest, Compartments 24~31 of Yanping Working Circle for National Forest and Compartments 40~44 of Siou-gu-luan Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Local Management 
Taitung Forestry District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established February 15, 2000


Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, established the major wildlife habitat of roughly 69,000 ha in the Guanshan and Yanping Working Circles to carry out the idea, “Central Range Ecology Corridor .” The wildlife habitat also sought to protect abundant species of plants and wild animals, such as the Formosan Black Bear, whose natural habitat encompasses the largest area in eastern Taiwan. Taitung Forest District Office currently has authority over Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat.

After its implementation according to “Wildlife Conservation Act,” any disturbance of the animals inhabiting the area was forbidden. Interference and destruction by human beings could thus be prevented and ecological balance restored. An ecology corridor consisting of several major wildlife habitats is being formed.


Three rivers flow through Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat - Sin-wu-lyu, Lu-ye and Cing-shuei Rivers. Its area of 69.077.72 ha. covers compartments 13~24 and 28~44 of Guanshan National Forest Working Zone and compartments 24~31 of Yanping National Forest Working Zone. The height of the area is between 200 and 3,666 meters and has the biggest area in Eastern Taiwan.

Visitors could reach Guanshan Wildlife Habitat through two important roads, the Tai-20th Highway and the S. Cross-Island Highway. Formosan Walnut can be reached by driving along the route to Siang-yang Mining Road. Visitors can reach the borders of National Forest Land by driving along Wu-lu Trail and Agriculture Route thru Reserved Land for Aboriginal. If visitor would like to take exercises, you can reach Wildlife Habitat by walking along the hiking trail from Siang-yang, San-cha Mountain to Jia-ming Lake, the one from Guan Mountain Range to Si-tou Mountain, and the one from Ta-guan Mountain to Guan Mountain.

An Introduction

The Bunun established their villages in this region. However, the Tribe was forced to move out in 1930 (during the Japanese Occupation). The National Government in Taiwan, had cultivated and lumbered forests in a few zones in this habitat from the sixties to the seventies. Consequently, the original views have been maintained in most regions and many wild animal species live here.

Biological Resources

A survey on plants in Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat showed that there are 737 species of vascular plants each from 134 families. Divided according to forest species, there are five types: grassland, bush, conifers, hardwoods and conifer-hardwood mixture. Additionally, Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat can be divided into six zones according to varieties of vegetation, temperature and height. First, the Yushan cane comprises most plants in the sub-cold zone. Others are the Yushan Rhododendron and Yushan Azaleas. Second, plants such as the Yushan Rhododendron, Taiwan Fir and Yushan Cane, grow over the sub-alpine coniferous forest over the region at cold-temperate zone. Third, the plants from the pine such as Taiwan Fir, Tsuga Chinensis Pritz, Spruce and from the Broad-leaved Tree like Weelstamen Tree, Narrow-leave Oak and Mori Oak, grow over the mountain coniferous forest in the cool-temperate zone at between 2,000 and 3,000 meters. Fourth, the plants from the pine or Lauraceae such as Formosan Red Cypress, Tsuga Chinensis Pritz, spruce, and Mori oak and Schima Superba, grow over the mountain’s hardwood forest in the temperate-warm zone at lower than 2,000 meters. Fifth, the plants from Laueaceae, Fagaceae and Theaceae are in the temperate zone rainforest lower than 1,000 meters. Finally, the plants from Moraceae and such as Barringtonia Recemosa (L.) Bl. and Lagerstroemia subcostata grow in the rainforest at the tropical zone.

There are 29 species of mammals, 65 species of birds and 29 species of amphibians and reptiles. But like the Formosan Black Bear, Hodgson’s Hawk Eagle, Chinese otter, Hundred-pace viper, Mikado’s Pheasant and Swinhoe’s Blue Pheasant are endangered species. In addition, there are 59 and valuable or other comservation-Deserving Wildlife.

Current Conservation Status

Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat, a part of the “Central Range Ecology Corridor,” connects to the Taitung Cycas Reserve in the south-east (Vakangan, Taitung,) with the Sin-wu-lyu River Major Wildlife Habitat in the east (Haiduan Township, Taitung County,) with Chu-yun-shan Nature Reserve in the west, with Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat in the south, and with Yushan National Park in the north.

Now, two management systems have been established for the most important area in eastern Taiwan –Guanshan Major Wildlife Habitat. One system addresses illegal hunting and the effects of the Siang-yang Mining District (for talc) on the water quality and aquatic ecosystem along Sin-wu-lyu River. The other system will come up with a databank of the variety of plants in the area.

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Visit counts:2217 Last updated on:2016-07-13