Guanyin Coast Major Wildlife Habitat

Name Guanyin Coast Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Forest Ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 519.00
Location Compartments 91 & 92 of Heping Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Local Management 
Luodong Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established October 19, 2000


The area of conservation, between Nanao and Gufong, is larger than 500 hectares or so, is located on the eastern steep slope facing the ocean geographically sitting between the ridgeline along Mt. Nan and the coastline close to Coastal Mountains. This zone adjacent to the Pacific Ocean has diversified geographical characteristics such as sea erosion occurring at a low position and exposes rock faces and colluviums at a higher point above sea level.


The habitat spans 8,500 meters long, between Nanao and Gufong, situated in the east steep slope geographically and it sits between the ridgeline along Mt. Nan and the coastline close to the Coastal Range. Its area is larger than 500 hectares around. The Su-Hua Highway passes through the area. Visitors have a panoramic view of this zone on that highway. The only consequence flows from the untrodden area preserved. It is its upright height - a natural barrier for human beings.

An Introduction

The height of area goes down from south to east, lying in the east slope at an offshoot, close to the coast, of Mt. Yuen. The highest positions in the south are 920 meters and, in the north, erected with a watchtower, 382 meters above sea. In addition, it is like a long and narrow strip in shape, having widths of 1,500 meters in the south boundary and 250 meters in the middle part of E-wun Cliff, which are respectively the widest and narrowest distances. This area has most of fosses south of Mt. Nan and shallow gutters and small waterfalls, in the south, flowing into the Pacific Ocean. E-wun Cliff in the north is a precipice only with a small area for water converging and eroded gutters.

The statistics, provided by Water Resources Bureau, from three weather stations in Wuta, Jhanglin and Dajhuoshuei shows that the annual rainfall is 2,400 mm and rainy season is between May and November. The most rainfall in a single day is moving southwards. It is in Dajhuoshuei that the most rain here had fallen up to 652 mm in a single day and shared a quarter in that year. The frequent raining leads to collapses of those cliffs, which blocks the traffic of Su-Hua Highway. Thus, it is classified into the one prone to cause harm.

Biological Resources

The paper, published in 1991, by Professor Huang, Tseng-chieng at Institute of Plant Biology, National Taiwan University and his partners showed that there were four kinds of plant communities including boehmeria platyphylla D. Don, coriaria family, debregeasia (like miscanthus floridulus,) and arundo and besides, some plants attributed to “Cajupur Tree” distributed over this conservation such as alnus formosana mak, machilus japonica var. kusanoi, barringtonia recemosa (L.) Bl., ficus and lauraceae.

Current Conservation Status

Most of the lands of the reservation are extremely rough. Very little may be used for development purposes. As for tourism, only the most robust and determined of climbers and adventurers may avail themselves of this habit. Most visitors are uninterested in the climb. That’s why this area has been kept primitive for a long period. In addition to some cursory ecological surveys conducted in the reserve, we also have covered exposed rocks on slopes with vegetation to reduce rock falls.

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Visit counts:2161 Last updated on:2016-07-13