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Syue-shan-keng River Major Wildlife Habitat

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Name Syue-shan-keng River Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Features
Forest Ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 670.88
Location Compartments 101 and 106 of Daan Creek Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Agency
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Local Management 
​Agency
Dongshih Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established October 19, 2000

Origin

Syue-shan-keng River Major Wildlife Habitat was formerly stout camphor parent stand administered by Dong-shih Forest District Office, Taiwan Forestry Bureau. In order to protect Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayatain within the area from illegally logged, the area was expanded into a nature reserve in 1992. The effort is made to preserve the primeval forest and its vegetation in the area. The primary species within the area for conservation are Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata, Michelia compressa, Podocarpus fasciculus, and other broadleaf tree species. Establishment of the reserve is to prevent illegal logging and damage, and offer complete functions as a natural reserve. The habitat has made great contribution to the conservation and maintenance of local natural resources.

In 2000, the Forestry Bureau set up “Syue-shan-keng River Major Wildlife Habitat,” aside from protecting Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata forest and primeval broadleaf forest, the establishment also provides further protection to wildlife that inhabit within the area.

Location

The area is to the southwest of Syue Mountain, which covers Compartments 101 and 106 of Da-an Working Circle for National Forest under Forestry Bureau, which is found below the road at 20-24k of Forest Road No. 210. The altitude of the area has an altitude of 1,000 to 1,900 meters. Administratively, it is within the jurisdiction of Taian Township, Miaoli County. The entire area runs the gamut of Mabihao River, a branch of Daan River. The habitat borders with 210-forest road at the east, while to the east of the upper ridgeline of the trail goes to Syue-ba National Park. To the south, it borders between Taichung County and Miaoli County, while the northeast borders the ridge between Forest Road No. 210 and Nankeng Mountain. The northern tip is found as one cuts from the elongated line in the middle of the two places. The area protects Daan River, Manabang Mountain, and Si-dao-bang Mountain, and the terrain of the area is of steep gentle slope that runs from east to west.

An Introduction

The wildlife habitat is at Temperate Zone. There is rainfall year-round, and the major plants in the area are broadleaf forest. Coniferous and broadleaf mixed forest can be found at higher altitude of the mountain. The altitude of the area is between 1,000 to 1,900 meters, with an average temperature between 20 °C to 16.5 °C. The vegetation of the area is oak forest, which happens to be located at foggy zone, with representative vegetation as evergreen broadleaf forest. However, coniferous forest can often be found in between, with mainly red cypress.

The area is located at the southwest side of Syue Mountain, and its geology of Tertiary that transforms into sub-metamorphic rocks later on. The area is mainly founded on dark grey argillite and slate, while grey matter rock layer and thick layer of white quartz can also be found. The stones and Sih-leng stratum were formed at the Eocene Epoch to Oligocene Epoch.

For the soil in the area, since the terrain of the area is very steep, the weathering and washing of the rock and soil is dramatic. The soil is mostly stone soil of very thin layer often mixed with slates and stones.

Biological Resources

According to the investigation by Ou Chen-Syong at National Chung-hisng University, the vascular plant in the area totals 117 families and 469 species. The plants of the area can be found in seven groups, which are:
  • Taiwan Zelkova - Ardisia sieboldii Miq.;
  • Autumn maple tree - Oreocnide pedunculata;
  • Winged-seed. china-bell - Oreocnide pedunculata;
  • Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl - Neolitsea acuminatissima;
  • Turpinia formosana Nakai - Camellia salicifolia - Common machilus;
  • Castanopsis. - Eurya acuminata DC;
  • Chinese Guger Tree - Dark-spotted Cherry.

Current Conservation Status

The area runs the gamut of Ma-bi-hao Creek, the origin of the river, while two of the branches respectively belong to Compartments 101and 106 of Da-an Working Circle, the creek water flows into Daan River at Yungan. The creek water is rather stable, and there are no residents in the area, so the vegetation is complete. The clear water of the creek provides a perfect condition for fish to live in.

For plant categorization in central Taiwan, vegetation in the reserve is of oak forest. It was the main zone for logging and forest plantation in the past, so the terrain of natural forest today is found at steep area, with residual and fragmented forest system left. Therefore, the setup of the wildlife habitat would help to conserve the integrity of the original forest.

Rare plants in the area, such as Podocarpus fasciculus de Laubenfels, Camellia salicifolia, and Camellia japonica can not only be found , but also in great numbers in and distribution. Furthermore, there are still many rare species in the reserve, such as Monte-Cristo, Pleione formosana, Rhododendron kawakamii Hayata, Anoectochilus emeiensis, Dendrobium chryseum, Small-Fruited Holly, Coptis quinquefolia Miq. As a result, the conservation of the reserve provides positive meaning and value to the protection of rare species.

The Cinnamomum kanehirae Hayata in the area has been illegally logged, therefore, how to prevent the situation from happening again would the most urgent issue for now.
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Visit counts:1888 Last updated on:2016-07-13