Lulinshan Major Wildlife Habitat

Name Lulinshan Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Forest Ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 494.04
Location Compartments 18~20 of Yu-shan Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Local Management 
Chiayi Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established October 19, 2000


Lulinshan Major Wildlife Habitat is away from human activities and has inconvenient traffic. In the past, though there was large-scale logging activity in the area, the government set up protected area systems later on. The systems have conserved the primeval needle and broadleaf forests intact. The area has emerged of great importance in ecology.

In order to protect the ecology system and the rich living creatures within the habitat, which is located at a medium high mountain altitude, the Council of Agriculture designated the area as”Lulinshan Major Wildlife Habitat” on October 19, 2000.


Lulinshan Major Wildlife Habitat covers Compartments 17, 19 and 20 of Yu-shan Working Circle and Compartments 219~ 220 of Alishan Working Circle. The lowest point of the area is 1,700 meters, while the highest is at 2,885.4m. The administrative area of the habitat belongs to Sinyi Township, Nantou County and Alishan Township, Chiayi County. Shih Mountain in the area provides a forest road to hike up the main peak with Alishan Highway at 88.5 km. The area can also be accesses through original Y-shan Forest Road to hike up the ridge toward the south. Shihshui Mountain flows down to the riverbed via Singao Mouth, and then going up to the main peak along Boboyou River; or takes the ridge of Lulincian Mountain to the main peak.

An Introduction

According to the data collected at Yushan Weather Observation Station, the average monthly temperature at 1,700 meters is 8.4 °C; the average temperature in July is 19.8°C. The average temperature at 2,800 meters in January is around 3 °C. The annual average rainfall is around 3,069mm. The ratio of winter and summer rainfall is one to five, which indicates that the area has summer rain. Judging from the rainfall situation, it can be known that there is an obvious draught in October and December. Relative humidity is 77.2%, which shows that the area belongs to cold and temperate climate.

The geology of the area belongs to the deposit stone layer of Miocene Epoch, which is the combination of sandstone and slates. The main soil in the area is mountain stone soil, brown soil, and brown-grey soil. The layer of soil is thin and has a large amount of rocks.

Biological Resources

According to the survey of Professor Lyu Fu-Yuan at Chung-hsing University e, the floras in the area are as follow:

The altitude of Shih Mountain area is between 2,300 and 2,500 meters. The northeast slope has the population of Castanopsis cuspidata var. carlesii and Cyclobalanopsis morrii. On the slope near the north or northeast above 2,500 meters above sea level can be found Tsuga heterophylla narrow-leaf mountain oaks. While on the slope in the west or northwest can be found red cypress -Picea morrisonicola Hayata group. The companion species at the lower layer of the forest is Photinia lasiopetala Hayata, which is the common vegetation of the local primeval forest. At the altitude between 2,500 to 2,680 meters, the southern slope of Shih Mountain belongs to Yushania Niitakayamensis and Miscanthus Sinensis. However, the place can still see the sporadic existence of Pinus armandii Franch, Cyclobalanopsis stenophylloidesor bushes like Japan Pieris. Large trees like Pinus armandii Franch can only be found at the edge of grassland.

At around 1,650 to 1,900 meters of altitude, the vegetation of the slope from west to the south is Cyclobalanopsis stenophylloides -- Carpinus kawakamii type. This is caused because of local steep terrain, infertile soil, unstable ground and obvious draught. There are only such tree species that can adapt to such environment. The dominant vegetation on the northern, western, southwestern slopes at the altitude of 2,150 to 2,400 meters near the valley are oak forest that is dominated by Lithocarpus kawakamii and Lithocarpus castanopsisifolius. Among the forest are valuable tree species such as Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay, Michelia compressa, box trees, Castanopsis cuspidata var. carlesii. On the trunks of these large trees dwells a large amount of Makino or orchid breed. The dominant vegetation on the slope in the northwest, at the altitude between 1,900 to 2,100 meters is Red Bark Slugwood – Red cypress type, while on the valley close to the riverbanks is Machilus japonica-Nanto Actinodaphne type. At the altitude of 2,200 to 2,600 meters, due to a sharp rise of terrain, the steep topography at the upper stream of Boboyou River is formed. The vegetation in the area belongs to Tsuga heterophylla-red cypress- Formosa yellow cypress-Picea morrisonicola Hayata type. At the altitude around 2,600 to 2,850 meters, the slope in the northeast is dominated by Tsuga heterophylla -- Eurya glaberrima type. The area can alsofind scrub savanna that is composed of Eurya glaberrima and Rhododendron morii Hay. The vegetation on the ground is mostly Yushan cane. Top of Shih Mountain and the slope facing westwards at the altitude from 2,650 to 2,800 meters belong to the grassland of Yushan cane. The area is also dotted with trees like Pinus armandii Franch and Taiwan Red Pine.

The survey on wildlife over the area was conducted by Professor Lin Liang-Gong at Biology Department, Chung-hsing University. It is discovered that there are over 19 species of mammals in the area. Four species of bats can be found in a deserted tunnel, which serves as the daytime habitat of bats. Besides, the large mammals that can be seen in the area are Formosan Rock-monkeys and it is guessed that there are more varieties of mammals in the area. Due to confined budget and time, further investigation remains to be done. There are around 79 species of birds all over the area. Most of them are in the are Timaliidae and Turdidae. There are more species of birds in the area in July and January. It is easy to see new-born birds in summer because of the end of breeding season. Birds can be spotted in the area due to possible passage of migratory birds.

Current Conservation Status

The interference made to the coniferous forest and broadleaf forests are less, especially in the upper stream of Boboyou River in Shui-shih Mountain. Because it is away from human activities and traffic, the primeval forest is left intact. The forest span across the altitude of 1,700 to 2,860 meters covers temperate and cold zones. The changes in terrain are great, which provides different ecosystems. The habitat also enrich by many valuable tree species such as red cypress, Formosa yellow cypress, Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay, Tsuga heterophylla, Picea morrisonicola Hayata, boxwood, Michelia compressa, and Schima superba. It is also possible to find oak forests and Cinnamommum camphora forests, which are two symbols of central and south. Therefore, the habitat is a rare reserve that cannot be seen everywhere.

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Visit counts:2384 Last updated on:2016-07-13