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Jin-shuei-ying Major Wildlife Habitat

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Name Jin-shuei-ying Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Features
Forest ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 1,119.28
Location Compartment 16 of Chao-jhou Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Agency
Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan
Local Management 
​Agency
Pingtung Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established October 19, 2000

Origin

Mt. Dahan is the southern extension of the Central Range. It not only provides the wild animals in Jin-shuei-ying with a comfortable habitat but also a conservation area for amentotaxus formosana li. At medium elevations, Jin-shuei-ying is highly representative of Taiwanese virgin broad-leaf forests. Mt. Dahan contains abundant wildlife resources representative features like birds, amphibians, and reptiles. Tourists even can witness at many species of animals along forest roads.

During Japanese Occupation, taxonomists have discovered many new plant species or records thereof all of which have been named after Jin-shuei-ying and word of the existence of these species have become known by other biologists by this classification scheme. In recent years, Dr. Yang Sheng-Ren has concluded that there are totally 31 families and 59 species of the endemic species and rare Taiwanese species in this area. This place is worth discussing because of its high endemic and species diversity. Accordingly, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan announced that Compartment 16 of Chao-jhou Working Circle for National Forest has been established and named after “Jin-shuei-ying Major Wildlife Habitat” on October 19th, 2000.

Location

Jin-shuei-ying Broadleaf Forest Habitat is located in Compartment No. 16 of Chao-jhou Working Circle for National Forest under Pingtung Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau. Compartment No. 16 is located in the rear part of the Dahan Forest Road, part of the southern extension of Taiwan's Central Range, measuring of 432 ha. Its boundaries are delimited by the Mt. Kuzilun in the east, Mt. Dahan peak in the southwest, Mt. Rihmu in the west, and the Jin-shuei-ying southeast. The area is a basin and major stream is Lili River, which came from Mt. Kuzilun.

An Introduction

This area, a basin surrounded by mountains in every direction, is located in the cloud zone in Taiwan. When in the low air pressure and in a lot of sunshine, air currents become more volatile, carrying water from the bottom of the mountain to the peak. They are reasons for this dampness. This latitude of the area ranges from 500 to 1,688 meters. The average temperature in a year is 17.3 °C. The highest temperature in a year is 21.4 °C in July and the lowest temperature is 13.2 °C in January. Most precipitation is from May to September. Average rainfall is about 3,680.5 mm and summer rains are common.

Biological Resources

Jin-shuei-ying Broadleaf Forest Reserve contains a virgin broadleaf forest of 242 hectares (56%) and afforestation of 190 ha (44%) with a low nature degree. During Japanese Occupation, taxonomists have discovered many new plant species or records thereof all of which have been named after Jin-shuei-ying and word of the existence of these species have become known by other biologists by this classification scheme. Early since 1937, Japanese Soma Tadasaburo recorded 57 families and 228 species of plants; in 1991, experts like Yang, Sheng-Ren extracted the past recorded and found out totally 126 families and 756 species of plants. This place contains abundant plant resources of special endemic plants and 31 families and 59 species of the rare plants, such as the amentotaxus formosana li declared by the Cultural Heritage Preservation Act.

There are three types of virgin forest plant societies:
  1. Long-fruit litseas and Drypetes hieranensis forests in the downward slopes at lowers latitudes from 1,000 to 1,250 meters, where amentotaxus formosana li is abundant.
  2. Proteaceae-Lauraceae forest type in the mid-slopes or branch ridges at latitudes of 1,250 to 1,450 meters. And there is still some difference in the membership of this sample area. They can be classified in two: Pasania dodonaeifolia Hayata-Proteaceae-Litsea acuminata-Machilus japonica forest type and Engelhardtia roxburghiana Wallich-Proteaceae-Litsea acuminata-Machilus japonica forest type.
  3. The plants at latitudes of 1,600 meters in the Mt. Guzihlun. Because this area is situated in the windward dwarfed zone, trees are shorter than others. And with its dampness all through the year and rich vegetation of ground cover, it is inhabited by ferns and orchids.

Totally 238 species of ferns are on record; the fern quotient is 11.3—the highest island-wide. This area is the dampest area in the mountains. Grammitidaceae plants are richly populated. What is special about the scenic view here is that mosses and ferns are thickly covered on the tree stems. Jin-shuei-ying is the only place in Taiwan where Alsophila loheri (Christ) Tryons is present, accompanied by Quercus sessilifolia forests, which forms a unique forest type on this island. It also contains other endemic species like Pasania dodonaeifolia Hayata, Jin-shuei-ying Lithocarpus shinsuiensis Hayata & Kanehira, Pasania kodaihoensis, Lithocarpus rhombifolia Hay, Illicium tashiroi Maxim, and Quercus championi Benh. This place is ecologically meaningful for Taiwan.

Current Conservation Status

With rich plants and its high biodiversity, Jin-shuei-ying serves as a wonderful place for research in Taiwan. Good monitoring of plant growth is preparation for later protection of rare species and unique forest phenomenon. The animal databases lack information; thus, basic information is in urgent need of being recorded. As for the management of local afforestation, the natural plant communities will be restored naturally.
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Visit counts:2043 Last updated on:2016-07-13