Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat

Name Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Forest Ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 47,723.75
Location Compartments 32~39 of Yanping Working Circle for National Forest, Compartments 18~31 of Pingtung Working Circle for National Forest and Compartments 4~21 of Laonong River Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Local Management 
Pingtung Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established October 19, 2000


“Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat,” announced on October 19, 2000 by Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, covered Compartments 32~39 of Yanping Working Circle for National Forest, Compartments 18~31 of Pingtung Working Circle for National Forest and Compartments 4~21 of Laonong River Working Circle for National Forest. It was Shuang-guei Lake Nature Reserve that protected the virgin ecosystems in such alpine lakes as Da-guei Lake, Hong-guei Lake, Siao-guei Lake, Wan-shan-shen Pond and Blue Lake. It also protected rare plant species and the virgin forests surrounding them. Several comprehensive surveys on the species of animals and plants showed that there were many species growing here. However, marble mining and illegal hunting have almost extinguished their lives and eradicated their roots. So, the central government took strong measures against both behaviors.


The area of the wildlife habitat is 43.2148 ha and between 620 and 2,735 meters in altitude. It sits in the central location in the south of the Central Mountains among the three townships of Maolin in Kaohsiung County, Wutai in Pingtung County and Yanping in Taitung County. In the forest area it covers Compartments 4~21 of Laonong River Working Circle for National Forest, Compartments 32~39 of Yanping Working Circle for National Forest, parts of Compartments 24~25 of Pingtung Working Circle for National Forest, and Compartments 18~23 and 27 of Pingtung Working Circle for National Forest.

Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat covers three the complete watersheds of Hua-Lu-Lu River, Ai-liao-bei River and Lu-ye River, and several alpine lakes like the Wan-shan-shen Lake, Blue Lake, Da-guei Lake (Ta-Ma-Luo-Lin Lake in aboriginal language,) and Hong-guei Lake. In addition, this habitat encompasses the main ranges of the Central Mountains, from north to south, such as Mt. Shih-Suei-tou (2,555m,)  Mt. Song (2,062m,)  and Mt. Wutou(2,735m.). The others are branches of the mountain range along the borders of Kaohsiung County and Pingtung County such as Mt. Da-mu-mu (2,424m,) Mt. Lin-pa-la-pa-la (2,433m,) and Mt. Huan-si (2,320m.)

An Introduction

Most of the faults often collapse around Ta-ma-Luo-Lin Lake are of crystalline schist formed during the Paleozoic Tertiary Period. Consequently, this region is described as “The Valley of Hazards.” On the other hand, the fragile strata of earth in the south of Mt. Jhih-ben-jhu and east of Mt. Wutai are of tananao Schist formed between the Paleozoic Era and Mesozoic Era, and of schist and shale evolved from Lu-shan Stratum of Earth during the Miocene Epoch.

The area is located in the Subtropical Zone, having rainfall of 4,000 mm every year usually between May and September. The heavy rains often cause serious erosion in this area’s many lakes and lowlands.

Biological Resources

Its virgin forest has a large number of species of trees such as Fraxinus griffithii CB Clarke, Sweet gum, Zelkova serrata (thumb.) Makino, Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay, Formosa red cypress and Pinus taiwanensis Hayata. The virgin forest encompasses four forest types according to their heights such as Lauraceae-Machilus at between 500 and 800 meters, Lauraceae-Serrata at between 800 and 1,500 meters, coniferous-hardwood forest at between 1,500 and 2,500 meters comprised of chestnut-leaved oaks, Tsuga chinensis Pritz and Formosa red cypresses. The coniferous forest at higher than 2,500 meters consists of Tsuga chinensis Pritz, Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay and Formosa red cypress. Additionally, there are lots of plants growing over the water areas and grasslands along the ridge of Central Range. They are called “Plants along the Transitional Zone.”

The wildlife in Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat over inclndes almost all mammal species in Taiwan with more than 26 species of large or small mammals, 86 species of birds and 10 species of birds of prey. Of them, endemic species and subspecies comprise 20%. Like the Formosan Reeve Muntjac and Sambar Deer that used to inhabit the grasslands and bunds over the Area, the Mikado Pheasant, Swinhoe’s Blue Pheasant and Hodgson’s Hawk Eagle are on the verge of extinction. Amazingly, it is very probable that the clouded leopard came into existence here according to studies made of mammals.

The four alpine lakes, very well known to the public, are in this major wildlife habitat except Siao-guei Lake and among them, Ta-Ma-Luo-Lin Lake, with three lakes around it, has the most spectacular view and was formed over the longest period among others in Taiwan. It has an area of 15 ha, 710m in length, 230m in width and 34m in depth. Not less than 8 species of Gymnosperm, 319 species of Dicotyledon from Angiosperm, and 50 species of Monocotyledon, among them 26 species of Orchidaceae are found. Like several natural forests comprised of Tsuga chinensis Pritz, Formosa red cypress and Acer kawakamii koidz, those lakes are surrounded by such natural variety. Besides, moss and lichen, and fern are abundant especially in such humid conditions. Some of the rare plants found here are the yew, cephalotaxus wilsoniana, stout camphor, epiphytic azaleas, Chingshui privet, llex tugitakayamensis sasaki, anoectochilus and dendrobium.

Current Conservation Status

The Central Range stretch over the middle Shuang-guei Major Wildlife Habitat as a wide mountain range. As a result, the terrain changes a lot, with high hills and valleys spread out over the area. The most valuable natural view is the sight of alpine lakes in this area and the well-preserved ecosystems over the mountains and alpine lakes. They all provide excellent conditions for wildlife surveys. Especially in the alpine lakes, the aquatic plant ecosystem hydrosere and vegetation types have changed over the years. Thus, it is an excellent site for long-term research. Now, we have to establish sufficient facilities for such studies to have better knowledge of the ecosystem in the Shuang-guei Lake Major Wildlife Habitat.

It is wonderful that Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay-Red Nanmu covers the area of Da-guei Lake. On Mt. Yao-bai, you can find Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay of 150 cm tall. Most of them flock together and many roots grow. The area is the most distinguished place all over Taiwan, where Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay grows.

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Visit counts:2834 Last updated on:2021-11-23