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Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat

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Name Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat
Primary Protected 
Features
Forest Ecosystem
Area (Hectares) 1,022.36
Location Compartments 7, 9, and 10 of Taitung Working Circle for National Forest
Central Management 
Agency
Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan
Local Management 
​Agency
Taitung Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
Date Established October 19, 2000

Origin

The length of Li-jia Forest Road is 40 km throughout “Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat”, being located at Bei-nan Village, Taitung County. The forest road stretches over the area having an altitude of between 50 and 1,500 meters. With the scope of habitat designed, it preserves a primitive, comprehensive, and diverse ecosystem. However, human development posing a threat to wildlife concentrates on between the starting point and 7.2 km of the forest road.

The authority carried out the idea, “Central Range Ecosystem Corridor” and provided a protected habitat for wild animals by preventing the wildlife habitat from being exploited and excessive logging, and thus, the Council of Agriculture, on October 19, 2000, had established “Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat” according to Wildlife Conservation Act.

Location

Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat, located at Bei-nan Village and covering Compartments 7, 9, and 10 of Taitung Working Circle for National Forest, Taitung County, is 30 km away from north-westernmost point of Taitung City. The area lies between Central Range, Bei-nan-shih alluvial plain in Taitung, and the Pacific. Quite rich natural resources and unique artifacts can be found on Da-ba-liou-jiou Mountain and additionally, Li-jia Forest Road stretched over the mountain. Visitors can, on this famous forest road, catch the sights of Green Island and Orchid Island far away from here.

Li-jia Forest Road having a length of 49 km is though Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat. The exit to the forest road is at Compartment 38 of Yan-ping Working Circle for National Forest. Lijia Forest Road had been constructed for transportation of woods but logging has been prohibited since 1992 due to the conservation policy. By now, the forest road is only used for transportation of workers for plantation and food. Around the forest road is cultivated of crops including betel nut, wild ginger, Makino bamboo, black bamboo, and sugar apple.

An Introduction

Most of the structure of earth below the wildlife habitat is composed of clay-slate and shale formed in Tertiary and the soil consists of gravel soil full of clay-slate, shale, gray-slate, and sandstone.

The lowest temperature of the area is average around 9 ℃ in January, and the highest at 21 ℃ in July and August. Its annual average temperature is about 15.3 ℃ with little variation, considered to be cool in a whole year.

Biological Resources

All over the wildlife habitat, there are 301 species of vascular plants from 90 families, including Semnostachya longespicata, Ilex cochinchinensis , Ilex matsudai, Drypetes hieranensis, Cyclobalanopsis pachyloma, Boea swinhoii, Cinnamonum osmophloeum, Litsea acutivena, Litsea lii, Litsea nakaii, Machilus konishii, Ormosia formosana, Magnolia kachirachirai, Ficus benjamina, Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang, Reevesia formosana, Schima superba var. kankoensis, Anoectochilus koshunensis, Dendeobium tosaense, Phaius flavus, Phaius mishmensis, and other rare plants.

Additionally, Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat is also a good spot for bird watching. The survey indicated that those species inhabiting the wildlife habitat include,:

Crested Serpent Eagle, Green-backed Tit, Chinese goshawk, Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus, Gray-cheeked Fulvetta, Arctic Willow Warbler, bamboo patridge, Muscicapa griseisticta, Rusty-cheeked Scimitar Babbler, Vivid Niltava, Ashy Wood Pigeon, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler, Spotted Dove, Red-headed Tree Babbler, White Wagtail, Japanese Green Pigeon, Yuhina brunneiceps, House Swift, White-bellied Yuhina, Brown Shrike, Black-browed Barbet, black bulbul, Black-headed Shrike, White-backed woodpecker, Styan's Bulbul, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Large Cuckoo-shrike, Blue Rock-Thrush, Japanese White-eye, Gray-chinned Minivet, Formosan Whistling-Thrush, White-rumped Munia, Bronzed Drongo, White-tailed Blue Robin, Black-headed Bunting Emberiza soodocephala, Black Drongo, Daurian Redstart, sparrow, Marron Oriole, Siberian Blue-tail, Grey Treepie, Collared Bush Robin, and among others.

The survey by Forestry Bureau showed that there are more than 128 species taking residence in Lijia Forest Road, including large number of Orange-belly tree frogs, amphibians, birds, reptiles, snakes, and mammals.

Current Conservation Status

The wildlife habitat varies in terrain from steep slopes, rivers, peaks, cliffs to caves and has various species of animals and vegetation. The protected area has well-preserved natural forest in the neighborhood, acting as buffer for the area. Since the natural forest is a great hinterland for wild animals for seasonal migration, hunting, mating, and shelter, it would be best that the natural forest near the protection area be preserved.

The land near the front part of Lijia Forest Road has been developed to grow betel nut and fruits, while behaviors of the protected animals like Formosam monkey and Taiwan wild boar have caused no damage to the vegetation, fruit farm, and residents, but further observation is needed to see if their population should increase to the extent that would endanger vegetation all over the wildlife habitat or cause damage or inconvenience to local residents. Therefore, establishment of adequate observation methods is required to continuously monitor the number and activity of the protected animals throughout Li-jia Major Wildlife Habitat, and risk in order to prevent hunting and conflict for efficient and suitable management.

Aside form rich faunas over the wildlife habitat, its cool and humid environment is perfect for growing wild orchid. When the wild orchid is bloom every year, beautiful flowers can be watched here and there. However, since Li-jia Forest Road runs through the protection area, bringing crowds of people and damages and impact to the plant and wildlife in the reserve, it is, therefore, how such damage in the protection area can be avoided is most urgent.

Professor Lu Guang-Yiang at National Taiwan Normal University once had undertaken a study, called “Animal Research on Lijia Forest Road in Taitung,” indicating that the population of Orange-belly tree frog is the largest and most and stable in the wildlife habitat. Of the five kinds of tree frogs discovered in Taiwan, Orange-belly tree frog is the least known to people. By 1994, researchers proved that Orange-belly tree frog is a species found only in Taiwan. Professor Lu Guang-Yiang discovered that Orange-belly tree frogs would mostly habituate in primitive broadleaf forest, while female tree frogs lay eggs in ponds covered by dead trees during mating season. These decayed trees not only provide growing environment for primitive broadleaf forest and also haven for Orange-belly tree frog.
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Visit counts:2038 Last updated on:2016-07-13