Shih-ba-luo-han-shan Forest Reserve

Primary Object for Protection Specific topographical and geological landscape
Size of Area (ha) 200 acres
Scope of Administration Compartment 55 of Ci-shan Working Circle for National Forest
Authority in-charge-of Pingtung Forest District Office, Forestry Bureau
History The nature reserve was established to preserve the forest in 1992 and Shih-ba-luo-han-shan Forest Reserve has been established according to the official document No. 0951700407, issued by Forestry Bureau on April 10, 2006.


Shih-ba-luo-han Mountain is also called Huoyan Mountain, which serves as the guardian of Liou-guei Township. The mountain is located at the tunnel of County Highway No. 184. Because of frequent washing of rain, the mountain is shaped into 72 individual mountaintops. The mountain has many layers, forming shapes of humans when watched afar. Thus, people call it Shih-ba-luo-han Mountain.

The conglomerates in the area form a special topography, which might offer information related to orogeny, erosion, crust balancing, deposit source, and weathering. The conglomerate accumulation in Liou-guei is also an important evidence for understanding ancient climates. Therefore, Forestry Bureau set up the forest reserve in 1992 to preserve the forest over the area and on April 10, 2006, Forestry Bureau issued the official document No. 0951700407, indicating that Shih-ba-luo-han-shan Forest Reserve was established for preservation of those precious natures according to the newly amended Forestry Act.


Liou-guei, having been called Liou-guei-li, the village in the distant mountain, was located at the riverside of Lao-nong River, which runs downstream to Kao-Ping River. Liou-guei Township is on the north of Mei-nong and Gao-shu Township in Pingtung, the west of Maolin Township, the east of Shan-lin Township and the south of Taoyuan Township. Below Liou-guei Bridge, the six giant rocks stretch over the wall near the riverbed. When the annual rainy season comes, the river swells, along which the muddy water flows and drowns all the trees and rocks on the both riversides. However, those giant rocks, no matter how high the river level goes, always stand beyond and weaken the rushing currents. Those unshakable rocks resemble six huge turtles floating on the water and so, it is the reason why this region has been named “Liouguei.” The local residents have set up a stague of god on the largest one, given an honorable title, “King of Turtle and worship that spiritual rock that has been recognized as a guardian for this homeland. Now, the only remains beside Liouguei Bridge and others have disappeared.

The area covering 300 ha, is very close to County Highway No. 184 through Liouguei, which stretches from Jiou-jhuang Alley in Wen-wu Village, Lioug-uei Township to Er-po in Sin-sing Village. Owing to harsh washing to the layer of conglomerates, there appeared 72 independent mountaintops. Thus, people can stand at Lao-nong River’s bank opposite to Shih-ba-luo-han Mountain, having the meaning of 18 mighty men, watching 18 mountaintops across the endless layers of mountains. The shapes of those mountaintops resemble standing Buddhist Luo-han, which gave the name to place. The hard and solid soil over the area that is not suitable for trees to grow. With thousand years’ weathering, the area terrain has remained the same. The scenes in the area are amazing, there are sharp mountaintops, valleys, strange rocks, clear rivers, and natural forests, and therefore, Liou-guei has the another name, “Xiao Guei-lin.”

An Introduction

The geology of the area is a thick layer of conglomerates. After the layer surfaced the water level, the layer started to decompose under the interaction of stress. The conglomerate layer has a high level of water permeability, and therefore downward erosion is easily caused. However, during dry season, the slopes can sustain themselves as sharp slopes, which form a special landscape. With the region of Shih-ba-luo-han Mountain, the common topographic forms are valley, the U-shape one, mountaintop, meander, and dry river valley. These natures are the evidence that the area did have vehement topographic process.

The neighboring Lao-nong River is the second largest river all over Taiwan. It is an important river that flows with year-long water. After going out of Liou-guei, the river surface begins to widen and connects with Nan-zih-sian River, then it's called Kao-Ping River. The river in general is developed along the fault. The fault is called Tashilong Bay to the northeast of Liou-guei. It is also called Lao-nong River fault, which divides geology and topography between Central Mountains and Ali Mountain.

Biological Resources

In 1995, Professor Lin Jin-ding at National Cheng-kung University conducted the biological survey indicating that across the area, there were no endangered or rare and valuable species and the forest reserve has 76 species of insect, a species of spider, two species of fish, eight species of amphibian, four species of reptile, 53 species of bird, and five species of mammal. As far as plant is concerned, there were 185 species of vascular plants. Of them included 20 species of fern, 120 species of dicotyledon, 45 species of monocotyledon, and four rare plants like Ania hookeriana, Centotheca, Neyraudia, and Capparis floribunda.

Current Conservation Status

In general, little has human interference been observed in the area. In 1990, to satisfy the needs of the traffic, the authority built an access road of 2,100 in length and 8 meters in width to Shih-ba-luo-han-shan Forest Reserve, having been open for traffic in ’92 spring. Bauhinia blakeana are planted along the two sides of the road for decoration. The authority, by putting up fences, has separated the old road only for pedestrians from the newly built highway. This prondes additional protection to the reserse.

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Visit counts:2921 Last updated on:2016-07-13